When it comes to Optometry Services in Carlton, Eye examination is one of them.
Full eye examinations are conducted to check your vision and assess your eye health.
Many eye conditions do not present with obvious symptoms so it is important to check your eyes at least every 2 years to detect little problems before they become big ones.
A comprehensive eye exam includes testing for glaucoma, cataracts, diabetes and macular degeneration.
Focusing ability and eye muscle control are also evaluated to provide clear comfortable vision with your new spectacles.
Regular eye tests can also detect underlying general health problems such as diabetes, high blood pressure and cholesterol.
If further examination or evaluation by an ophthalmologist is required, a referral can be provided.
Glaucoma is a complex disease in which damage to the optic nerve can lead to progressive irreversible vision loss.
It is usually, but not always, associated with high intraocular pressure. Most people have no symptoms and no early warning signs.
This is why a Glaucoma check is always part of your initial comprehensive eye exam, as early detection reduces the progression of this disease.
A Glaucoma check involves assessment of the optic nerve and retinal photography to document the appearance of the optic nerve for future reference, as well as measuring your intraocular pressure.
Visual field testing can also be organised if necessary or if there is a family history of Glaucoma. A referral to a Glaucoma Specialist can be provided if required.
Contact Lens Fitting
An accurate contact lens fitting is additional to a routine eye exam. Assessment of the shape and size of the eye is made to provide the best fitting contact lens for your eyes.
The appropriate contact lens is then prescribed according to the patient’s requirements. A variety of contact lenses are available from the daily disposable contact lenses to the latest “breathable” monthly contact lenses that you can sleep in.
These contact lenses allow much more oxygen to flow through to the cornea and so can be worn for longer periods with increased comfort.
These “breathable” contact lenses are available in spherical form (for those patients with short-sightedness and long-sightedness), in toric form (for those patients with astigmatism) and in multifocal form (for those patients who also need to wear reading glasses).
The new multifocal contact lenses on the market will surprise you allowing you to see near, medium and far distances with better visual acuity. You’ll be able to read your GPS and look up and see the road signs while driving.
They might not be suitable for everyone but are definitely worth trying for times when wearing your spectacles is not desirable.
Dry Eye Assessment
Dry eyes are very common and can be caused by a number of different factors.
Age, gender (more common in females due to hormonal changes), environment (air-conditioning), certain medications, screen time (due to reduced blinking), other ocular and systemic conditions, and contact lens wear can all contribute to dry eyes.
Symptoms of dry eye can include grittiness, tired eyes, tearing, burning, stinging, redness, itchiness and blur among other things.
Treatment of dry eyes is based on determining the underlying cause of the problem.
Whether it be from inadequate tear production or from evaporation of the tears present, an individualised treatment plan is prescribed and the patient is monitored until improvement is seen.